School Council Law

  • The Georgia General Assembly established School Councils in Georgia's A+ Education Reform Act of 2000. The Georgia laws that established and define school councils are kept up-to-date on the Internet in the Official Code of Georgia Annotated (O.C.G.A.). You can review these laws online at lexisnexis.com/hottopics/gacode/. Specific sections of laws are marked with the “§” symbol. For example, an attorney discussing School Council law may refer to O.C.G.A. § 20–2–85 (which, when read aloud, might sound like O.C.G.A. twenty, two, eighty-five).

    School Council law is largely covered in the following code sections:

    • O.C.G.A. § 20–2–85 - Legislative findings; role of local boards of education and school councils
    • O.C.G.A. § 20–2–86 - Operation of school councils; training programs; membership; management; roles and responsibilities

    Additional legal references to School Councils include:

    • O.C.G.A. § 20–2–167 - Funding for direct instructional, media center, and staff development costs; computerized uniform budget and accounting system; submission of local budget to state board; provision of certain information by local boards; waiver of expenditure controls
    • O.C.G.A. § 20–2–182 - Program weights to reflect funds for payment of salaries and benefits; maximum class size; reporting requirements; application to specific school years
    • O.C.G.A. § 20–2–271 - Development of regional improvement plan; introduction of core services; instructional care teams; establishment of alternative methods of teacher certification
    • O.C.G.A. § 20–2–290 - Organization of schools; middle school programs; schedule
    • O.C.G.A. § 20–14–35 - Office powers; on-site audits; reporting findings and recommendations; authorization of other school audits
    • O.C.G.A. § 20–14–36 - Written procedures; training
    • O.C.G.A. § 20–14–41 - Appropriate levels of intervention for failing schools; master or management team; school improvement team; annual reports; data revision; hearing

    A reference from Georgia Board of Education Policy:

    • State Board Rule 160–3–3-.04 - Plan for professional learning (provided by the Georgia Department of Education)